On the World Food Day, Professor Atanas Atanasov, academician of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, one of the leading biotechnology experts in Europe, made a report on problems of feeding the planet’s population in the 21st century in the Genetics and Cytology Institute of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus. Belarusian and Bulgarian scientists are going to advance cooperation in biotechnology for food industry applications. Sustainable development needs the right kind of food and to determine the right kind of food, one needs genetic peculiarities of the human being. The Bulgarian academician’s report was the highlight of the international scientific conference Zhebrak Readings. Such conferences have been held since 2008.